Population health pertains to the incidence of diseases in various groups of people. This includes comparing the number of outbreaks between age or race and even different areas of living. Population health is different from public health which focuses on the health conditions of a whole population. What makes population health stand out is how experts will focus on outcomes inside of a specific group. Health outcomes can be based on socioeconomic differences such as low-income cities and wealthy cities offering different treatments. Population health gives society peace of mind when it comes to addressing the facts and data of diseases and health outcomes.
One of the greatest things about population health is that it focuses on the people. Experts work hard every day to help improve the health of humans in hopes of helping other areas of society. Having a healthier population can lead to aligned populations that don’t have to worry about spending too much money on health services. The main goal is to satisfy the people while seeking better health for everyone while trying to cut the costs of care. None of this would be possible without the improved data throughout the years.
Population health data is constantly growing as different populations with diseases and illnesses come along. The data focus on any group from employees at a certain company, students at a specific campus, and even military veterans. Claims data helps health professionals better gauge how they are treating people based on demographics and dates of diagnosis. Socioeconomic data is one of the greatest resources as it focuses on the environmental and social areas of the population groups. This data plays a huge role in developing health management programs and health facilities where groups need it the most.
Electronic health records also referred to as EHR, provides a clinical finding of data to population health professionals. EHRs store lab results, imaging reports, immunizations, and other key details of a person’s health history. This all benefits population health as professionals are able to look back at the patient’s medical history and see what groups may have in common during their pasts. A study showed that in 2017 97% of hospitals nationwide used EHR data, compared to 87% of them in 2015. EHRs have played a large role in population health and will continue to do so as data grows.